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CBD Glossary Of Terms

Bioavailability

The amount of substance that enters the bloodstream and is ultimately used by the body.  

Broad Spectrum 

CBD product that contains cannabidoil, terpenes and naturally occurring flavanoids but no THC.

Cannabinoids

Chemical compounds found in cannabis

Cannabis

The scientific name of the plant that produce marijuana and hemp. There are two main types of cannabis: sativa and indica.  Cannabis sativa (hemp) contains less than 0.3% THC and is what CBD is derived from. Cannabis indica contains greater than 0.3% THC.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

One of the primary cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.  Contains many health benefits and no psychoactive effects.  

CB1 Receptors

Cannabinoid receptors found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).

CB2 Receptors

Cannabinoid receptors found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord).

Endocannabinoids

Cannabinoid molecules produced by the body naturally.  

Endocannabinoid Receptors  

Binding sites for cannabinoids within the body and brain.   

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)  

Naturally occurring system of endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors in the body which help regulate basic functions like sleep, mood and appetite.

Entourage Effect

Relates to the combining of multiple constituents of the cannabis plant to produce an enhanced therapeutic effect greater than the individual effects alone.

Farm Bill

Federal legislation passed in December 2018 that removed hemp from the controlled substance list, and instead placed it under the supervision of the Department of Agriculture making it legal to grow in all 50 states. 

Full Spectrum

CBD product that contains small amounts of THC, as well as other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavanoids.  

Hemp  

Plant containing naturally occurring CBD. Also grown for fibrous materials and used industrially to manufacture such things as clothing, oils, lotions, plastic, paper, fuel and construction materials.

Phytocannabinoids

Naturally occurring chemical compounds present in the cannabis plant.  Common examples include CBD, THC and CBDG.

Sublingual

Consumption method of applying CBD products, typically oil, under the tongue before consuming.

Terpenes

Natural aromatic compounds found in plants, responsible for the scent and flavor profiles.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

One of the primary cannabinoids found in cannabis. Responsible for the psychoactive “high”.

Water Soluble

A cannabis product that mimics water solubility usually through use of liposomes or nanoemulsion techniques.  

Whole Plant

Products derived from the entire cannabis plant versus individual cannabinoids isolated from the plant.

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